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Aldazide (Spironolactone)
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Spironolactone

Aldazide is a potassium-sparing diuretic that removes excess fluid from the body in congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and kidney disease. It also can be used in combination with other drugs to treat diuretic-induced low potassium (hypokalemia) and high blood pressure. Aldazide also is used to counteract the effects of excessive adrenal aldosterone production (hyperaldosteronism) that can occur from a tumor in the adrenal gland or enlarged adrenal glands (hyperplasia of the adrenal glands). Aldazide and its active metabolites are specific pharmacologic antagonists of aldosterone, acting primarily through competitive binding of receptors at the aldosterone-dependent sodium-potassium exchange site in the distal convoluted renal tubule. Aldazide causes increased amounts of sodium and water to be excreted, while potassium is retained. Aldazide acts both as a diuretic and as an antihypertensive drug by this mechanism. It may be given alone or with other diuretic agents that act more proximally in the renal tubule.

Other names for this medication:
Spironolactone, Aldactone, Aldactazide, Aldactazine, Aldazida, Aldazide, Aldozone, Alexan, Alizar, Carpiaton, Espirone, Espironolactona, Expal, Kespirona, Lanx, Letonal, Osiren, Osyrol, Practon, Prilactone, Spiractin, Spiresis, Spirix, Spiroctan, Spirolang, Spirolon, Spiron, Spirono, Spironolacton, Spironolactona, Spironolakton, Spironolattone, Spirotone, Verospiron, Xenalon,

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Clinika, Baclofen, Dhaperazine, Vigora, Fisat, Cotrimoxazol, Memomax, Overal, Meganox, Ketozal, Ledar, Sporidex, Diaze, Atal, Cosart, Venla, Furesis, Progresse, Sinacilin, Rulid, Telfast, Glamin, Asic, Cycram, Duloren, Mitil,

Aldazide is used to treat high blood pressure. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. It is also used to treat swelling (edema) caused by certain conditions (e. g. , congestive heart failure) by removing excess fluid and improving symptoms such as breathing problems. This medication is also used to treat low potassium levels and conditions in which the body is making too much of a natural chemical (aldosterone). Aldazide is known as a "water pill" (potassium-sparing diuretic). OTHER This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional. This medication has also been used to treat excessive hair growth (hirsutism) in women with polycystic ovary disease.

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To avoid contamination by other microorganisms, the development of a dominant selection marker with low environmental risks is still needed. Recruitment correlates with the presence of thiol groups in IRAK that were available for IAIT-labeling. The beta-endorphin content in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was evaluated in 10 patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia during medical treatment (with or without carbamazepine) and after selective thermocoagulation of the Gasserian ganglion. Twenty-five eyes of 16 patients with AMD with severe atrophy due to either choroidal neovascularization (CNV) or geographic atrophy (GA) and 53 donor eyes of 53 patients with late AMD were included.

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This trend is expected to continue over the next five years and place additional stress on an already exhausted supply of manpower. The equivalent dipoles at these frequencies were all within the volume of the edema.

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The models illustrate the importance of standardizing patient position, minimizing movement, and placing intravenous lines proximally in the upper extremity or neck. The underlying mechanisms are unclear, but we speculate that the pruritus may result from brainstem involvement. A validated HPLC assay was used to measure serial blood samples over 36 hours.

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This effect is commonly attributed to a fixed limit on the number of items that can be attended to, a notion that is formalized in limited-capacity and slot models. The dynamics of the vestibulocochlear syndrome after the removal of tumors in the pineal area Tritium-labelled hyaluronic acid was deposited, and its disappearance through the eustachian tube was followed by analysis of nasopharyngeal secretions. Many are small-scale traders and might be expected to face many of the health challenges common among foreign migrants, but their health needs have been largely unrecognised.

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A disturbance in the conceptual organization of actions in patients with ideational apraxia. In particular, the Hispanic children were observed to have increased mean speaking F(zero)S in comparison with the African American children and reduced speaking ranges as compared to both African American and White racial groups. Using two-dimensional echocardiography, pulmonary vascular resistance was estimated from right ventricular pre-ejection period to ejection time (RVPEP/ET) in 11 preterm infants with respiratory distress, to test the effect of different doses of continuous lipid infusion. Our data corroborate previous findings and extend them to the group of frail old nursing home residents.

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The patient underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with significant recovery of cardiac function. Active duty women may experience issues similar to civilian working mothers, as well as issues specific to military service.

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A case of bilateral patella tendon rupture in an otherwise healthy 38-year-old man who sustained relatively minor trauma is presented. Design of an HIV-1 lentiviral-based gene-trap vector to detect developmentally regulated genes in mammalian cells. To assess the utility of funnel plots in assessing publication bias (PB) in meta-analyses of proportion studies. It is often negatively perceived as a fishing expedition rather than a discovery-oriented effort that takes into account the immense complexity of diseases such as MS.

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A symposium: from prevention to management of chronic heart failure. It also provides a reliable indication of the allergenic activity of the whole extract. One class utilizes an internal Lys residue as the active site nucleophile, and includes Escherichia coli Nth and both known mammalian DNA glycosylase/AP lyases, namely, OGG1 and NTH1. When radial and axial diffusion were examined we found pronounced differences in radial diffusion in NF1 patients, indicative of either decreased myelination or increased space between axons.

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Hormone levels were measured again after a randomized crossover trial of early (sleep 03:00-07:00 h) versus late (sleep 21:00-01:00 h) partial sleep deprivation administered in two separate luteal phases. The calculated metabolite maps demonstrate good stability and accuracy of the algorithm in all situations tested.

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It is interesting to note that compound (I) is able to give rise to cellular lysis at MIC. This disorder has been called proximal myotonic myopathy (PROMM). The embryonic epidermis comprises two layers of squamous cells closely underlain by a dense capillary net. Eddy current effects in plain and hollow cylinders spinning inside homogeneous magnetic fields: application to magnetic resonance.

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Preparation of orally disintegrating tablets for masking of unpleasant taste: comparison with corrective-adding methods Spatial relationship between neurotensinergic axons and cholinergic neurons in the rat basal forebrain: a light microscopic study with three-dimensional reconstruction. A marked reduction of angiographically demonstrated vascular connections between tumour and normal muscle was observed. Understanding of the various contributing biomechanical factors and trauma mechanisms is still limited.

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Lipoproteins have been implicated to play a role in innate immunity. An e-mail survey of local hospitals in southeast Michigan revealed that 6 of 7 hospitals did not stock prefilled intramuscular dose syringes for emergency use in anaphylaxis.

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Wide-field diffuse amacrine cells and unistratified amacrine cells were found with their somata located in either the inner nuclear layer or the ganglion cell layer. We observed that Nurim is expressed in a broad range of cancer types and that its expression level is correlated with a higher tumor grade. Logarithmic correction to the probability of capture for dissipatively perturbed Hamiltonian systems. Double aortic arch with interruption proximal to the right carotid artery, bilateral patent ductus arteriosi, and complex congenital heart disease.

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This review aims to document what is known of the physical and psychological aspects of lighting and their role in promoting a healthy and safe environment for the elderly. Comparison of epinephrine and phenylephrine for resuscitation and neurologic outcome of cardiac arrest in dogs.

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We investigated the relationship between alcohol consumption and HIV disease markers CD4 cell count and HIV RNA level, stratified by HAART use, using multivariable regression. Special attention must be directed to the etiology of the disease as well as to the treatment regimen. Prolonged neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenic purpura associated with anti-Bak(a).

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The data indicate that the main risk factor for acquiring human neurocysticercosis and swine cysticercosis is the presence of the tapeworm carrier in the household. The known compounds were identified by comparing their spectroscopic data with those reported in the literature.

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Ablation of the triggering PVCs may eliminate the fatal arrhythmias and prevent the sudden death in patients with LQTS. The optimal technique should be determined on the basis of these results. Synthesis of alpha-fetoprotein in rat liver after a single injection of the liver carcinogen 4-dimethylaminoazobenzene and its noncarcinogenic isomer 4-diethylaminoazobenzene

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aldazide classification essay

Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large skull lesion with osteolytic features in the left frontal bone. However, it has not been possible to unambiguously demonstrate light saturation due to the very high rates of spin label reduction at high light intensity. The treatment of pituitary tumours strongly depends on their clinical presentation. In conclusion, HDL subfractions differ in their potential to regulate estradiol esterification by LCAT.

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The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend selective screening to detect children and adolescents with hypercholesterolemia. Although major lesions occur in the intestine, death is due to toxemia. The authors studied postsurgical results in 26 cases of thoracic myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. New needle packed with polydimethylsiloxane having a micro-bore tunnel for headspace in-needle microextraction of aroma components of citrus oils.

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Hydrologic modelling for Lake Basaka: development and application of a conceptual water budget model. He vomited after polyethylene glycol-based electrolyte solution, and an alternate bowel preparation with oral phosphosoda was recommended. Deleting EAP1 reduced cell adhesion to polystyrene and epithelial cells in a gene dosage-dependent manner. Glycosylation-mediated phenylpropanoid partitioning in Populus tremuloides cell cultures.

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Immune regulation toward immunomodulation for neuroprotection in glaucoma. A similar conjugate that contained only one sterol unit shows negligible improvement in hydrolytic stability but a significant increase in water solubility. Human genetic variation has enormous implications for individual susceptibility to lung disease, as well as for differences in prognosis and response to therapeutic interventions. Nonvisualization of sphincteric relaxation on kinematic MRCP indicates ampullary or periampullary lesions.

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Modelling of GH family 50 suggests that it may be the common evolutionary ancestor of families 42 and 14. One (rrnE) of the seven operons which codes for ribosomal ribonucleic acid in Escherichia coli was deleted.

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Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) spreads genetic diversity by moving genes across species boundaries. Demographic effects on the Trail Making Test in narcotic/other opiate abusers. Perhaps this evidence suggests that PK 11195 blocks the binding of protoporphyrin IX to PBR, thus elevating the content of protoporphyrin IX in liver.

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Inhibition of ErbB2 and PI3K reverses the phenotypes induced by ERp5. Three independently derived cloned lines have been chracterized. Neonatal treatment of mice with E2 resulted in the development of vaginal lesions, including adenosis, adenocarcinoma and squamous-cell carcinoma.

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The tumours often present as asymptomatic, slowly enlarging lateral neck masses and determination of the nerve origin is not often made until the time of surgery. RCTs that compare bone regeneration achieved through BMPs versus that obtained by traditional methods entered the study.

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Quantitative measurement of dihydrouridine in RNA using isotope dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Production of silenan as the galacturonan (or rhamnogalacturonan) core was observed at the beginning of the exponential phase and at the stationary phase of the callus growth. Partial rank correlation coefficients and analyses of covariance were used to assess the associations between these tests. Once an estimate of this variance is obtained, it could be incorporated in subsequent modeling either through measurement error models or by using the variances as weights. The activity of motor cortex (MI) neurons conveys movement intent sufficiently well to be used as a control signal to operate artificial devices, but until now this has called for extensive training or has been confined to a limited movement repertoire.

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ica and beyond: biofilm mechanisms and regulation in Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus. MR CISS imaging is superior to T1-W and T2-W imaging for demonstrating the neural placode and nerve roots, although problems remain in terms of artifacts. Daily grass pollen concentrations rose from a morning minimum to reach a maximum in the early evening, falling gradually during the night. Kinetic variations determine the product pattern of phytoene desaturase from Rubrivivax gelatinosus.

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Short-term repeatability of electrocardiographic Tpeak-Tend and QT intervals. Pulmonary adiaspiromycosis is a common disease of many species of wild rodents and occasionally of humans, caused by the inhalation of spores of the fungus Chrysosporium parvum var crescens (Emmonsia crescens).

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15N-glycine administered orally to 3 patients with chronic renal failure and 15N-ammonium chloride given by intravenous infusion to 5 patients were used as tracers in studying the total body nitrogen metabolism during the course of dietary therapy. This muscle appeared to exert mechanical stress on the initial cartilage. Consumers are becoming ever more selective in their choice of health care providers.

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Contribution of slip cue to curvature perception through active and dynamic touch. Oncology would find this development extremely useful because of the severe toxicity of chemotherapy.

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To examine the relationship between food insecurity and food supplies in Latino households. Getting the diagnosis of pigmentary mosaicism in a child with infantile spasms may not be easy, as most diagnostic work-up is done in infancy, at a time when skin manifestations can be subtle. Cardiac hypertrophy is a common response to circulatory or neurohumoral stressors as a mechanism to augment contractility.

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Longitudinal hierarchical linear modeling analyses of California Psychological Inventory data from age 33 to 75: an examination of stability and change in adult personality. There is a contemporary emphasis on the implementation of knowledge, or evidence, derived from outside the immediate practice environment. To demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of rosuvastatin and ciprofibrate in the treatment of dyslipidemia associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV. In a study to investigate whether the quantitative assessment of temperature and vibration thresholds can improve the evaluation of the neurological symptoms in vibration syndrome 37 patients with neurological symptoms (paraesthesias, numbness, pain) in the hands who had worked with hand held vibrating tools and 46 healthy controls not exposed to vibration were examined. Lanthanide phytanates: liquid-crystalline phase behavior, colloidal particle dispersions, and potential as medical imaging agents.

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This study explicitly tests this proposed link between climate-induced body proportions and femoral shape by considering the entire hip as a unit by using geometric morphometric methods adapted to deal with articulated structures. The survey was prompted by the growing concern that in culturally diverse societies, medical education has failed to keep pace with the changing composition of the patient population.

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Cross-talk between sulfur assimilation and ethylene signaling in plants. This spatio-temporal coupling of cyclooxygenase enzymes with PLA2s may represent a key mechanism in the propagation of inflammatory reaction.

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SEM showed shrinkage of the cell body and blebbing formation on the cell surface. The DNR order concept brought an open decision-making framework to the resuscitation decision and did much to put appropriate restraint on the universal application of cardiopulmonary resuscitation for the dying patient.

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We present a complication of L4-L5 disk surgery and its treatment by interventional radiology which has not previously been reported. We suggest that 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring may be included in the evaluation of nocturnal headache complaints especially in the elderly, in whom essential hypertension is a very frequent comorbidity. Incisional biopsy of the affected supraclavicular LN was performed, and histological examination revealed metastatic RCC. We sequenced the chloroplast-encoded rbcL and psaA genes of several tribonematalean species and of several coccoid and siphonous forms that previous studies revealed to be strictly related to Tribonematales.

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The combination product is not indicated for initial therapy, but is recommended for patients who do not respond adequately to losartan monotherapy. Haemothorax as initial manifestation of the tumour was observed in one of them. 1-Naphthol inhibited ascitic fluid formation in mice infected intraperitoneally with either L1210 leukaemia or Ehrlich ascites tumour cells (EATC). GISH results indicated that 1 approximately 3 small chromosome fragments of A.

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The authors report two cases of thoracic spinal canal stenosis (SCS) and myelopathy. Long-term effects of 2 energy-restricted diets differing in glycemic load on dietary adherence, body composition, and metabolism in CALERIE: a 1-y randomized controlled trial. A review of mammalian data indicates that the relationship between direction of sex-bias and mating system is not a simple one. Using the variable region of single domain llama antibodies, we showed that the co-expression of antigen-antibody pairs is feasible in both the periplasm and the cytoplasm of bacteria.

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Left ventricular assist device implantation via left thoracotomy: alternative to repeat sternotomy. Quality afungil capsulas 150 mg precious control in the MRFIT local screening and clinic laboratory. Asymmetric dimethylarginine does not inhibit arginase activity and is pro-proliferative in pulmonary endothelial cells.

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Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded while participants read words organized in an orthogonal design with the factors valence (positive, negative, neutral) and lansoprazole 20 mg arousal (low, medium, high) in a lexical decision task. Ara h 2 isoforms were purified and analyzed by mass spectroscopy, and PCR amplification products of Ara h 2 were cloned and sequenced. When applied to several colorectal cancer data sets, parameter values consistent with crypt stem cell biology and normal mutation rates were able to match the increase in cancer with aging, and the mutation frequencies found in cancer genomes.

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Outcome measures consisted of the numeric pain rating scale, the Neck Disability Index, and the global rating of change scale. In resting strips, oxytocin induced a prompt (0.5-1 min) development of active tension, followed by a prolonged (6-18 min), slow contraction and a final relaxation. Within the topiramato 100 mg vademecum toothpaste WFS framework, cortical thickness and gray matter density are computed and compared.

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Histochemically in the component the basic proteins with sulphydryl groups are demonstrated. This meeting has been very clinically hexymer tablet covers and obstetrically orientated, in future we will need to involve epidemiologists, neonatologists, microbiologists, genito-urinary medicine physicians, immunologists, geneticists, biochemists, physiologists and endocrinologists.

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There was high current flow directly under hascovir cena vs lesnar the pad for one subject while the location of peak induced cortical current flow was variable. The diameter of the ascending aorta was measured before and early after surgery and then later between 12 and 144 months (mean 40 months) postoperatively using echocardiography and computed tomography. The stain appears to be accurate in diagnosing this condition and may assist in establishing the diagnosis before severe osteomalacia develops.

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However, a standard anatomic plane for performing this measurement has not been established. Results showed nine main topics in the Adult Attachment Interview, each of which diclofenac gel 3 bijsluiter naproxen was characterized by a distinctive linguistic profile. Induction of several new antigens, including a T cell-associated antigen, following conversion of the EBV-negative B cell line RAMOS to EHRB-RAMOS by Epstein-Barr virus. Nuclear magnetic resonance and diffuse-reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy of biosolids-derived biocolloidal organic matter.

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Follow-up interventions should focus on the factors which proved significant: rumination, loss of control, and death anxiety. A culture was then obtained which lost about 1 log of viability during exposure to up to 1000 times the pantorc generico prezzo kenya MIC of penicillin.

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Training in clinical research in India: potential and challenges. The study results suggest that balloon kyphoplasty may dilantin kapseals vs capsules wardrobes be used in the surgical treatment of vertebral compression fractures in selected cases. Medical and psychiatric needs of the homeless--a preliminary response. HLA-DR epitope region definition by use of monoclonal antibody probes.

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Thereafter, the membrane-bound P-LAP/OTase was released by apocrine secretion during the period of blastocyst implantation and became depleted toward the time of menstruation. Pathology showed 17 cases of low grade tumor and 4 cases of high grade tumor. The prognosis of pediatric adrenocortical carcinoma often depends on prompt diagnosis to begin treatment before metastatic progression. After PTPN11 was identified as a is 875 mg of augmentin a high dose fish oil Noonan syndrome disease gene, additional discoveries have made clear that mutations in other genes along the RAS signaling pathway can cause a spectrum of syndromes and possibly isolated congenital heart disease.

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The efficacy of electrothermal collagen shrinkage in the treatment of patients with anterior cruciate ligament mc domer insomnia cures laxity was evaluated. Aberrant forms of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as spheroplasts and filaments in yersiniosis in squirrel monkeys.

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Utilizing a water-soluble cryptophane with fast xenon exchange rates for picomolar sensitivity NMR measurements. Extreme sensitivity of circular dichroism to long-range excitonic couplings labetalol drug monograph rexulti in helical supramolecular assemblies. There is no obvious relation between the biochemical alterations in phosphate metabolism and the morphological lesions. A secondary objective was to evaluate whether an equilibrium mass balance model could predict internal concentrations that were consistent with the toxicity data and measured internal concentrations of two model hydrophobic substances, i.e., the polybrominated diphenyl ethers BDE-47 and BDE-99. The determinant recognized by the MoAb Q1/28 is relatively resistant to denaturing treatments and does not appear to be carbohydrate in nature.